In corporate law and taxes, an affiliate is a company that is related to another company, usually by being in the position of a member or a subordinate role, a subsidiary. According to Investopedia, a subsidiary is a company "whose parent is a majority shareholder." (That means the parent owns 51 percent or more of the other company's shares of stock.
This estimate is based on the capability of the device and the network connection to support IPv6 and is not a projection of active IPv6 connections. Mobile-device IPv6 capability is assessed based on OS support of IPv6 and estimations of the types of mobile network infrastructure to which the device can connect (3.5-generation [3.5G] or later). Fixed-device IPv6 capability is assessed based on device support of IPv6 and an estimation of the capability of the residential Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) or business routers to support IPv6, depending on the device end-user segment.
The Cisco Visual Networking Index Forecast methodology has been developed based on a combination of analyst projections, in-house estimates and forecasts, and direct data collection. The analyst projections for broadband connections, video subscribers, mobile connections, and Internet application adoption come from SNL Kagan, Ovum, IDC, Gartner, Ookla Speedtest.net, Strategy Analytics, Dell’Oro Group, Synergy, comScore, Nielsen, Maravedis, ACG Research, ABI Research, Media Partners Asia, IHS, International Telecommunications Union (ITU), CTIA, UN, telecommunications regulators, and others. Upon this foundation are layered Cisco’s own estimates for application adoption, minutes of use, and kilobytes per minute. The adoption, usage, and bit-rate assumptions are tied to fundamental enablers such as broadband speed and computing speed. All usage and traffic results are then validated using data shared with Cisco from service providers. Figure 28 shows the forecast methodology.
The changing mix of devices and connections and growth in multidevice ownership affects traffic and can be seen in the changing device contribution to total IP traffic. At the end of 2017, 59 percent of IP traffic and 51 percent of Internet traffic originated from non-PC devices. By 2022, 81 percent of IP traffic and Internet traffic will originate from non-PC devices (Figure 4).
Some advertisers offer multi-tier programs that distribute commission into a hierarchical referral network of sign-ups and sub-partners. In practical terms, publisher "A" signs up to the program with an advertiser and gets rewarded for the agreed activity conducted by a referred visitor. If publisher "A" attracts publishers "B" and "C" to sign up for the same program using his sign-up code, all future activities performed by publishers "B" and "C" will result in additional commission (at a lower rate) for publisher "A".
Hotels, cafes, and restaurants will have the highest number of hotspots by 2022 globally, and the fastest growth is in healthcare facilities (hospitals), where hotspots will triple over the forecast period. The primary objective of Wi-Fi in hospitals is to improve the delivery of healthcare services and staff productivity, with a secondary benefit being Internet access for patients, their families, and their guests.
Also, if we look at Internet devices such as Digital Media Adapters (DMAs), we find that although they will represent only 9 percent of all Internet connected TVs—including, service provider STBs, gaming consoles, and directly connected Internet TV sets—by 2022 they will represent 18 percent of global Internet connected TV traffic. This trend again shows that there is increasingly less reliance on STBs managed by service providers for Internet access in general and for video specifically (Figure 15).
While these models have diminished in mature e-commerce and online advertising markets they are still prevalent in some more nascent industries. China is one example where Affiliate Marketing does not overtly resemble the same model in the West. With many affiliates being paid a flat "Cost Per Day" with some networks offering Cost Per Click or CPM.
Also, of note in the recent forecast is the growing number of countries whose fixed traffic growth rivals that of their mobile traffic growth. United States is the outlier, with a fixed growth of 26 percent in 2017 and a mobile growth of 23 percent over the same time period. Japan, Korea, Canada, Germany and Sweden, all have fixed growth that is only slightly lower than their mobile growth. The majority of countries still have significantly higher growth rates for mobile than for fixed.
The Cisco data can be seven times higher than the Minnesota Internet Traffic Studies (MINTS) data not only because the Cisco figures are estimates for the global—not just the domestic US—Internet, but also because Cisco counts "general IP traffic (thus including closed networks that are not truly part of the Internet, but use IP, the Internet Protocol, such as the IPTV services of various telecom firms)". The MINTS estimate of US national backbone traffic for 2004, which may be interpolated as 200 petabytes/month, is a plausible three-fold multiple of the traffic of the US's largest backbone carrier, Level(3) Inc., which claims an average traffic level of 60 petabytes/month.
Recent Examples on the Web: Verb Last year about half the people at Ascension were members of an AA group that's hosted at but not directly affiliated with the church. — Maggie Menderski, The Courier-Journal, "Not everyone feels holiday joy. How Louisville's Blue Christmas services help the lonely," 18 Dec. 2019 Hariri has emerged as the only candidate with enough backing for the job, but he is rejected by protesters who demand a Cabinet of independent technocrats and an independent head of government not affiliated with existing parties. — Washington Post, "3rd night of clashes as Lebanon puts off talks on new PM," 17 Dec. 2019 Protesters want a technocratic government, not affiliated with established political parties. — NBC News, "Lebanese ruling parties' offices burned after night of clashes," 15 Dec. 2019 Stern has remained affiliated with the league with the title of commissioner emeritus and has remained active in his other interests, such as sports technology. — CBS News, "Former NBA Commissioner David Stern suffers brain hemorrhage," 13 Dec. 2019 Stern has remained affiliated with the league, holding the title of commissioner emeritus. — Brian Mahoney, Houston Chronicle, "Former NBA commissioner David Stern has emergency brain surgery," 13 Dec. 2019 Stern has remained affiliated with the league with the title of commissioner emeritus and has remained active in his other interests, such as sports technology. — Brian Mahoney, The Denver Post, "Former NBA Commissioner David Stern has emergency brain surgery," 12 Dec. 2019 Stern has remained affiliated with the league with the title of commissioner emeritus and has remained active in his other interests, such as sports technology. — Brian Mahoney, chicagotribune.com, "Former NBA Commissioner David Stern undergoes emergency brain surgery," 12 Dec. 2019 Wednesday's external report says the third student's application contained false information and the student was not affiliated with the sailing program. — Eric Levenson, CNN, "Stanford says admissions scam mastermind tried to recruit 7 coaches," 4 Dec. 2019 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun Its affiliate company, DarkMatter, is in effect an arm of the Emirati government. — Mark Mazzetti, New York Times, "It Seemed Like a Popular Chat App. It’s Secretly a Spy Tool.," 22 Dec. 2019 The summit in the French southern town of Pau was initially scheduled to take place this month this month but it was postponed after the deadly attack by an Islamic State affiliate in Niger. — Washington Post, "Macron wraps up a trip to West Africa focusing on security," 22 Dec. 2019 Andreoli split his time in the Twins and Mariners Triple A affiliates and batted .255. — BostonGlobe.com, "Witte was selected by the Red Sox in the 24th round back in 2013 and is in his first spring training for the Sox. He’s spent his entire career in the Red Sox minor-league system and recently hit .271 between Double A and Triple A last season with 22 doubles and nine homers.," 21 Dec. 2019 Al Qaeda's former Syrian affiliate, rebranded Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, has a strong and growing presence in the area. — CNN, "Dramatic video shows Syrian girl being rescued in middle of airstrike," 20 Dec. 2019 The land for the Woodland Prime campus is next to a 52,744-square-foot, two-story office building, W127-N7564 Flint Drive, that a Milwaukee Tool affiliate bought in August. — Tom Daykin, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Milwaukee Tool will develop a corporate campus in Menomonee Falls as part of plans to add 870 jobs," 17 Dec. 2019 Socks donation deadline: Friday, Dec. 20, is the last day to donate new socks of all sizes and colors through Terrific Kids, an Olmsted Falls Kiwanis Club’s youth affiliate group. — cleveland, "A Christmas ode to Olmsted Falls: Olmsted Dates and Data," 13 Dec. 2019 Capitanes will be the only G League team with no NBA affiliate. — Jamie Goldberg, oregonlive, "NBA G League expands to Mexico," 13 Dec. 2019 But until that happens, Kerr recognizes that Bowman might have to get comfortable playing with the team’s G League affiliate in Santa Cruz. — Connor Letourneau, SFChronicle.com, "Why Warriors’ Ky Bowman could be in G League for a while," 13 Dec. 2019